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2011考研英语备忘录和告示类应用文写作

2019-04-10 21:36:08来源:励志吧0次阅读

2011考研英语备忘录和告示类应用文写作

4.2备忘录、告示类应用文写作(Memorandum/Notice)

基本结构:

TO:

FROM:

SUBJECT:

DATE:(monthday,year)

正文

签名

摹拟题及范文:

Directions:

iteamemothatwillappearinthenewspapernextweekdescribingthepositionavailable.

Date:August10,2005

To:Allstudents

From:LiMing

4.3摘要写作(Abstract)

Thisarticlefocusesonthe。

Thisthesisdiscuss/analyzes。

Thispaperprovidesanoverviewof

Thispaperpresentsup-to-dateinformationon

1、简单概括

2、描述画面内容,两句话描述一幅图。

3、点明中心:重点又是新起点。

Thisisaveryinterestingandthough-provokingpicture.1asisvividlydepictedinthepicture,twhattheplayer,whowasreadytoshoot,hiseyes,dlittledidhehavethechancetowin.2obviously,thetwoplayerslookedatthesamethinginadifferentangle.3(indifferentangles)

简单概括

描述画面内容,每幅图分开描写,并递进关系。

点明中心,从不同视角看待同一问题。

2.现象简介

Today,advertisementsismountingnumbersareappearingontheTVscreen.1theyarenotonlyshownbeforeandafterallkindsofprogramsnews,weatherforecastsandquizshows,teveninterruptdramasandmovies,2andannoytheviewers.3

1、概括介绍

2、细节介绍:怎样个多法儿是节目前后和中间都有

3、带来的后果就是激怒观众。

3.寓意意味

Whatavividandaccratepictureitiswhendescribingthemeaningofloveinthedark.1Asisshowninthepicture,theloveisjustlikethelightinthepicture,whichseemsinsignificantinthesun,butitcertainlyshinesbrighterinthedark.2inotherwords,thedarkertheplaceis,surelymeansmuchmoertothemanwhoisingreatdifficultythantotheonewhoisincomforts.4

简要评价

对画面的简单描写。(结合love对画面进行分析)

寓意说明,符合题目要求

结论:灯光在越微弱的地方越明亮,爱心在越需要的地方越有价值

cingthefigures,wecanonlyadmitthatAmericaspopulationgrowthhashadundesirableeffectonitswildlifeandwillstillposeaformidablethreattoitswildliferesourcesifsufficientcareisnotgiven.3

※1、总括介绍了图画内容(应用比较,强调后者)

※2、特别好的过渡方式:不是描写胜过描述

※3、结论:如果不足以重视,结果不堪设想

4、缘由分析

(AsfarasIamconcerned,thereareseveralreasonsaccountingforthephenomenon.)1Firstandforemost,thereasonsforthisphenomenonarethatTVisthemostefficientandrapidwayofdissemination(传播)information.2AsChinadevelopsitshighlycompetitivemarketeconomy,manufacturersandsalespeople(salespersons)needtoinformthegeneralpublicofthelatestcommoditiesthatareavailable.3Furthermore,stbutnotleast,itisnecessarytokeepconsumersinformedoftherangeof(the)productsthattheymaychoosefrom.(原文的过渡出现在下一段)

※1、论述中心,或者引导本段。

※2、例举缘由

※3、对已提出缘由的拓展

However,thetobaccoconsumptionisexperiencingadecrease,1Accordingtothegivenfigures,rthermore,Ibelieveahealthytomorrowoflesstobaccowillbeachievedthrougheffortsofeveryperson.3

※1、论述中心

※2、罗列缘由,this作过渡词

※3、如果减少吸烟人群,可能产生的结果(注意命题的积极倾向,展望未来式很合命题者口味)

5、利弊分析

Inthecountry,ontheotherhand,onecanenjoytheadvantagesoffreshairandfood,andamorerelaxed(relaxing)nd,asforrecreation,whatcouldbemorerelaxingthanastrolldownacountrylaneamidbeautifulscenery?2However,therearedisadvantagesoflivingineitherthecityorthecountry.3Cityairtendstobepolluted,hecountry,ontheotherhand,thelackofstimulatingactivitiescanmakeapersonfeelboredandisolated.4

※1、罗列乡村居住的优势

※2、对优势的拓展说明

※3、过渡说明:劣势开始

※4、列举不管城乡居住皆有劣势

6、举例说明

Itseemsreasonablewhenpeoplelaughatthecartoon,omdepartmentsofgovernmenttocommonshoppingcenters,manybusinesseswhosuppleproductsofofferserviceshavemadevariouspromisestotheircustomersorservicereceivers.2Theyasserttheirproductstobeofgoodqualityorpromisetoofferexcellentservice.3Asamatteroffact,manyofthesebusinessesclaiminthesamewaythat(比较)thehenintheabovecartoonpromisestolayeggs.4

※1、过渡:段说到可笑,下面就谈不可笑连接

※2、例子:商场、政府的承诺行动

※3、拓展:深化许诺行动的细节

※4、结论:同母鸡下蛋的承诺一样虚无没有价值

※表示性质,代替adj.=of+n.(小作文高分必杀)

lpful=ofanyhelpassistant=ofanyassistancegood=ofanygoodharmful=ofanyharm

Thefollowingexampleswillsupportthispoint.1Inschools,aunit-examnotonlydeclarestheendoftheformerunit,hebusinessfield,whataCEOneedstodoattheendofayearismorethanreviewandsummarize(reviewandsummarizing)。Itisthetimetoformulateandeffectiveandefficientdevelopmentplanfornextyear.2Justturnbacktothesportsground.(句号结束)althoughinfrontoftheendthereisntarealstartarrowhead,theresurelyexistsaninvisibleonesprouting(appearing)ineveryathletesmind,blooming(being)thetrainingstrategyofthepreparationfornextcompetition.3

※1、承上启下

※2、举例论证

※3、举例的同时说明结论:终点又是新起点,正是这类心态成为下次比赛成功的技能或策略。

7、判断评论

Itisclearthatpromiseiswhatyouclaimyoucandooryouwilldo,notwhatyoureallyareoryouareexpectedtobe.1Generallyspeaking,itisgoodandsometimesnecessarytomakecommitmenttopeople,butpromisingwhatyoumustorshoulddocanbeconsideredakindofcheating.2Whatthecartoonreallyaimsatisnotthefunnypictureitselfbuttocriticizethispopularphenomenonexistinginoursociety.3

※1、既点名了本段主题:谈许诺,又是一个定义,起承上启下作用。

※2、自己的建议。

※3、再次强调许诺这1社会现象。

8、问题建议

Childeducationhasbecomeoneofthemostpopulartopicsdiscussednotonlybyeducationalexperts,butalsobypeopleinallwalks(职业、行业)us,itshightimethatparents,educatorsandthegovernmentmadeconcerted(共同努力的,同心协力的,conert得来)effortstoputanendtothissituation.2(家长,老师和政府应当怎样做)

※1、引出本段主题,儿童教育的现状,用婉转的方式表达。

※2、本段结论:3方行动

Inourlife,whatweneedmostisself-insuranceandaproperviewofchallengesbeforeus.1Therefore,weshouldbearinmindthatourcompetitorsmaynotbeasterrible(frightening)asexpected,andourpainstakingeffortswillpayoffaslongaswearmourselveswithcourageandconfidence.2Onlyinthiswaycanweovercomeanydifficultiesandchallenges.3

※1、从自己角度提出意见

※2、具体行动的方法

※3、only表示强调,和建议的价值。

9、个人选择

Allinall,Iwouldsaythatlivinginthecityisbest(better),1fortheconveniencethecityoffersintermsofeducationandwork(jobopportunities);2afterall,onecanalwaysspendvacationsinthecountryandgetthebestofboth.3

※1、选择结果

※2、选择缘由

※3、总结

Asforme,Ihavealwaysledaregularlife.1Byeverydayexercises,Ibuildupastrongbody,2andbyreadingintensivelyIlearntoacquireaproperattitudetowardlife.3

※1、个人选择或实践

※2、选择带来的好的后果

※3、拓展

10、现实应用

Asweallknow,childrenarethefutureofourcountry,enfacedwithdifficulties,enfacedwithfiercecompetition,theycanemploytheirknowledge,skillsandexperiencetoconfrontwiththeirrival.2Thisistheyoungergenerationwecanexpect.3

※1、价值体现:孩子关乎祖国的未来。

※2、启示:重要的缘由

※3、寄予希望

2007年范文写作

首段:图画描写:

oalkeeper,whoistryinghardtokeeptheballfromthegoal,atsfunnieristhatthefootball-player,preparingtokicktheball,thofthemlackcourageandconfidenceinfrontofchallenges.

中间段:寓意象征+举例说明

Themajorityofpeoplewouldagreethateveryonemayfeelchallengedwhenapowerfulrivalappearsinhis/atdividesthemintosuccessesandlosersistheirattitudetowardsconfidence.(Wecaneasilyfindtheequivalentofthetopicdiscussedhereinoursurroundings.)We,undergraduatesgirdingourselvesfortheNETEM(theExaminationforpostgraduatecandidates),meofusfeeldepressedwhenthinkingthattheyarenotabletopreparewell,fact,theexamisnotasdifficultastheysuppose,andalittlemorecourageandconfidencewillmotivatethemtoachievethefinalsuccesss.

尾段:建议+展望

Accordingly,atweshouldbearinmindisthatnoonecanovercomedifficultieswithoutconfidence.(Inotherwords,Weshouldbehonestaboutthechallengesweface.)allengeit,andachieveit.

Tips:

1.稳重下体的部份是精彩的语言,即文章的高分点,希望同学们学习。

2.文中有下划线的部份是范文的错误,希望大家思考,然后改正,避免自己在写作时犯这样的毛病。

3.再次强调,希望大家不要背范文,学习精彩的句式表达,背会,通过多练习掌握这些句型。

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